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Himachal Pradesh, India
Himachal Pradesh is beautiful & peaceful state of India. Himachal Pradesh is a captivating region of the Indian Himalayas. Himachal Pradesh is known as the Devbhumi "Land of the Gods", Himachal Pradesh is a hill state & situated in northern India nestled in western Himalayas. The state is landlocked with the Tibetan plateau to the east, Jammu and Kashmir to the north, and the Punjab to the west. Himachal Pradesh is the ultimate travel destination of India. Abundant green grassland and wide valleys set against imposing snow-clad mountains, crystal clear lakes, flowing rivers and spurting streams, fruit laden groves and soft terraces of corn and tea are characteristics of Himachal Pradesh. After Independence, 30 princely states of the area were united and Himachal Pradesh was formed on 15th April, 1948. On 1st November, 1966, certain areas belonging to Punjab were included in Himachal Pradesh. On 25th January, 1971, Himachal Pradesh was made a full-fledged State.
Geographical Information- Location
Himachal Pradesh has boundaries with the Jammu and Kashmir in the North, Uttrakhand in the Southeast, China on the east, Haryana in the South and Punjab in the West. It is located between 30"22' and 30"12' north latitude and between 75"47' and 79"4' east longitude. The mountainous state has altitudes ranging from 350 to 7000 meters (1050 ft. to 21000 ft.) above the sea level.
Facts and Figures of Himachal Pradesh
Language Hindi, English and Himachali
Area 55,673 sq km
Annual Rainfall 180 cm
Maximum Temperature 30°C
Minimum Temperature 2°C
Clothing: Cotton in summer and Heavy woolen in winter.
Winter (Dec-March) Average temp. -5°C to 25°C in lower hills and -5°C to 15°C in mid hills. Summer (April-June) Average temp. 15°C to 35°C in lower hills and 10°C to 25°C in mid/higher hills. Monsoon (July 15th-Sept.) Average temp. 15°C to 30°C in lower hills and 10°C to 25°C in mid/higher hills.
Nearest Railway Station
Broad gauge- Chandigarh, Kalka, Pathankot and Una.
Narrow gauge- Shimla, Jogindernagar.
Airport: Pathankot (Punjab), Jubbarhatti (Shimla), Bhuntar (Kullu) and Gaggal (Dharamsala)
Important Trek routes
Rohru - Chanshal - Dodrakwar - Rupin - Sangla; Sangla - Badrinath; Jalori pass; Chandrakhani - Manali – Chandratal; Manali - Parvati valley; Dharamsala - Triuns – Chamba-Bharmour – Manimahesh; Chamba - Kullar over Sach pass; Bharmour - Baijnath; Bharmour - Lahaul; Chandratal; Barashigri glacier; Kinner - Kailash ;Bhaba - Pin Valley.
Skiing and Ice Skating
(January to March) Solang Nalla (Manali), Narkanda and Rohtang Pass. Ice Skating Rink in Shimla, Heli-skiing in Manali.
In Sutlej, Beas and Chenab rivers, Shamshi (Kullu), Tattapani, Rampur and Jispa (Lahaul).
Para-gliding & Hang-gliding
Bir-Billing, Manali, Bilaspur and Rohru
Gobindsagar (Bilaspur) and Pongdam (Kangra)
Rohru, Sangla, Sainj, Katrain, Barot for trout fishing
Wildlife Parks and Sanctuaries
Great Himalayan National Park Parvati Valley in Kullu,High altitude Pin valley National park in Spiti. Renuka Sanctuary in Sirmaur, Pongdam Sanctuary in Kangra, Sarahan Phasentry in Shimla district, Kufri zoo near Shimla and Gopalpur zoo in Kangra.
Lakes and Rivers
Beas, Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab, Yamuna, Pabbar, Giri, Parvati, Baspa.
Prashar, Khajjiar, Renuka, Gobindsagar, Dal, Pongdam, Pandoh, Manimahesh, Brighu, Chandratal.
Jwalamukhi, Chamunda, Brajeshwari, Chintpurni, Baijnath, Laxminarayan, Chaurasi, Chhatrari, Taranadevi, Rewalsar, Raghunath, Bijlimahadev, Dhungri, Bhimakali, Hatkoti Jakhoo, Sankatmochan, Kalibari, Nainadevi and Baba Balak Nath, Deothsidh.
Dharamsala, Tashizong, Rewalsar, Manali, Kardang, Sashur, Key, Dhankar, Tabo, Nako, Pooh, Kanam, Jangi, Murang, Ribba, Reckongpeo.
Sikh Pilgrimage Centres
Paonta Sahib, Rewalsar and Manikaran.
St. Johns Church, Mecleodgang, St. Francis Dalhousie. Christ Church Kasauli, Christ Church Shimla,
Winter Carnival Manali (Feb.), Mandi Shivratri Fair (March), Ladarcha fair in Spiti, (July), Minjar fair in Chamba, Manimahesh and Bharmour Fairs in Chamba (August), Phulech (festival of flowers) in Kinnaur (Sept.) Kullu Dusshera (October), Lavi fair and Rampur fair (Nov.), Renuka fair in Sirmaur (Nov.)
Kangra fort, Taragarh, Rampur, Nalagarh, Arki and Jubbal palaces, Bhimakali Temple, Naggar Castle, Kamru fort, Gondla fort (Lahaul Vice regal lodge, Christ Church, Chapslee, Wood villa palace, Chail Palace.
State Museum Shimla, Kangra Art Gallery Dharamsala, Bhuri Singh Museum Chamba, Roerich Art Gallery Naggar in Kullu, Shobha Singh Art Gallery Andreta in Kangra.